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Advising Terminology




Academic Advising and Student Success


Banner is the enterprise student information system (ESIS) we use on the A&M-Texarkana campus. 


A&M-Texarkana uses Blackboard web course management software that allows easy access to all of the web-based and web-enhanced courses, including a student orientation course designed to familiarize students with the basic course functions of the Blackboard tools.

Career Focus

Focus online career interest test is available to all enrolled students. This system is useful in identifying, confirming, or exploring career choices. It is designed to assist in the determination of interests, values, and skills, and provides extensive information about careers. 


College of Education and Liberal Arts


College of Business

Core Complete

The Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board indicates that students who complete the approved core curriculum at any Texas public institution of higher education must be accepted as core complete at any other Texas public institution.

Council for the Advancement of Standards in Higher Education (CAS)

CAS is the pre-eminent force for promoting standards in student affairs, student services, and student development programs. 

Course Numbers

The majority of the time UD or LD course numbers reflect the level of course by the 1st number.  This is true for A&M-Texarkana.
   - A&M-Texarkana course
      ∙ ENG 340 is Junior Level
      ∙ MATH 453 is Senior Level
      ∙ ENGL 1301 is Freshman Level

This is not true in all instances (i.e. University of Texas uses the last two digits in a course number to reflect level of work.
  - UT course numbers:
      ∙ ARI 310 is LD (less than 20)
      ∙ ARI 320 is UD (more than 20)

CRN/Call Number

The CRN  is located before the section number in the course listing.


Campus Wide ID/ School ID

Degree Works

A&M-Texarkana’s online degree audit system.


Dropping a class but staying enrolled in other courses at A&M-Texarkana.


Electives are courses a student can choose, compared to compulsory courses are required. In some cases, electives are chosen from a list of courses included as part of the program list (i.e. Psychology); in other cases electives are chosen from a wide range of courses offered to meet general degree requirements (i.e. 120sch min/54sch UD). Elective courses, when added to the required courses, enable the student to meet degree requirements.


Free Application for Federal Student Aid


Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act


Grade Point Average


Institutionally Designated Option

LD: Lower Division

Freshman/Sophomore level coursework within the 1000-2999 range


Personal Identification Number


Semester Credit Hour


Supplemental Instruction 


Student Orientation Advising and Registration


Starfish is an Early Alert/referral program.  The Starfish Retention Solutions provides a quick and easy way to refer students for help early enough in the semester to make a difference.


Science, Technology, Engineering, Mathematics

Texas Common Course Numbering System

This is a course numbering system that is used by most junior colleges and many public Universities throughout the state of Texas. It allows for ease of use and transfer of LD courses from school to school.  This system applies to ONLY LD coursework.

Texas Success Initiative (TSI)

State law requires all entering college students attending Texas public institutions of higher education to be assessed for college readiness in reading, mathematics, and writing unless the student qualifies for an exemption.  Each student who fails to meet the minimum passing standard of the exam offered by the institution must be placed in a developmental education program designed to help the student achieve college readiness.

The National Academic Advising Association (NACADA)

The National Academic Advising Association (NACADA) is an association of professional advisors, counselors, faculty, administrators, and students working to enhance the educational development of students.

UD: Upper Division

Junior/Senior level courses within the 300-499 range


Dropping all classes enrolled in at A&M-Texarkana

You can also download a PDF copy of the advising terminology. 

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